Shin splints, medically referred to as medial tibial stress syndrome, is a condition in which pain runs along or just behind the tibia. This painful condition occurs due to physical activity that causes too much stress on the shinbone and the tendons and ligaments that attach the muscles to the bone. Shin splints commonly affect runners and athletes and occur periodically during periods of increased activities. Fortunately, shin splints is an easily treated condition.
Simply buying a new pair of running shoes more suited for the foot can reduce, and in many cases eliminate shin splints. Resting the shins, avoiding physical activity and applying ice are also effective treatments for reducing pain.
Small shoe inserts called orthotics may be prescribed to help cushion the foot and decrease the pressure on the shinbone.