Shoulder Instability or Dislocation

Shoulder Instability or Dislocation


Shoulder instability and shoulder dislocation, also see glenohumeral joint instability, are common injuries that can cause significant damage to the shoulder joint. Dislocation or a gradual dislocation can cause a number of issues including loose or torn ligaments or shoulder instability. A dislocated shoulder occurs when the top of the humerus pops out of the shallow socket, or gleniod, that makes up the shoulder joint. Dislocation can occur partially (subluxation) or fully. As a result of dislocation, the injured may experience a number of symptoms including pain, swelling and shoulder weakness. Typically the shoulder will slip forward causing anterior instability. However, the shoulder joint can also become dislocated in the backward and downward positions. Genesis Orthopedics & Sports Medicine offers a number of treatment options for dislocated shoulder and shoulder instability.

Treatment Options:


When the shoulder becomes dislocated damage is done to the joint capsule and the rotator cuff causing instability. A sling or immobilizer may be used to prevent the injured from using their arm and possibly causing further injury. The doctors at Genesis Orthopedics & Sports Medicine skillfully balance the severity of the injury with the time frame of immobilization to make sure the shoulder heals properly and regains its full range of motion. For recurrent dislocations the patient may be asked to wear an immobilizer that supports the arm away from the body.

Physical Therapy

Consult a physician at Genesis Orthopedics & Sports Medicine for a recommended physical therapy plan. Therapy is conducted with the goal of decreasing the pain associated with shoulder dislocation, restore the shoulder’s range of motion, and help it gradually regain strength.


In circumstances in which all other options have been expended, minimally invasive surgery can be performed by Genesis Orthopedics & Sports Medicine for shoulder dislocation.

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