Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, affecting millions of people around the world. Symptoms of knee osteoarthritis include:
- Pain – during movement
- Stiffness –usually after periods of inactivity
- Lack of flexibility – inability to move through full range of motion
- Grating sensation
- Bone spurs – small, hard lumps felt around the joint
Learn about the surgical and non-surgical options for treating knee pain
One of the most common causes of knee pain in adults is osteoarthritis, a degenerative joint disease characterized by the breakdown and eventual loss of joint cartilage. The breakdown and deterioration of cartilage causes the bones to rub together resulting in extreme pain. If you or a loved one suspects that you may have knee osteoarthritis, there are effective surgical and non-surgical treatment options.
Based in Chicago, IL, Dr. Shadid has treated thousands of patients whose lives have been impacted by debilitating knee pain from osteoarthritis. Dr. Shadid treats his patients as individuals and considers treatment options based on each patient’s medical history and diagnosis. Dr. Shadid always considers non-surgical options first, including lifestyle changes, anti-inflammatory pain medication, and knee injections for reducing pain and increasing mobility. However, as osteoarthritis gets worse, non-surgical treatments may prove to be ineffective, and surgery may be required.
Knee Replacement Surgery
If osteoarthritis has become too severe to be helped by non-surgical options, you may be a good candidate for knee replacement surgery. Dr. Shadid considers many factors before recommending this procedure, including:
• Imaging results and X-rays
• Impact of pain on your ability to continue working
• Frequency and level of your pain
• Impact of the pain on your ability to continue ordinary recreation and activities
The two knee replacement surgeries used most commonly are partial knee replacement, also called partial knee resurfacing, and total knee replacement, also called total knee arthroplasty.
Partial Knee Replacement
Knee resurfacing or partial knee surgery treats only the parts of your knee that are affected by osteoarthritis. You may require either a unicompartmental (one compartment) or a bicompartmental (two compartments) knee arthroplasty procedure.
A partial knee replacement offers unique benefits when compared to total knee replacement. These include a possibly shorter surgery time and recovery time.
Total Knee Replacement
If your osteoarthritis is so severe that a partial knee replacement will not help, you may need a total knee replacement. The total knee replacement procedure replaces all your knee joint compartments surgically. These include the inside (medial), outside (lateral) and front (patellofemoral) parts of the knee. Patients can typically walk the day of surgery and return to work within three to four weeks.
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